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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 26(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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debase

v。 to make lower 贬低

 

n。 debasement

The newspaper's constant reports on the frivolity and incompetence of women debases women's position in society.

这份报纸不断地报导有关妇女的轻浮和无能,贬低妇女在社会上的地位。

* frivolity

轻浮

Synonym

同义词:abase; degrade; demean

Antonym

反义词:elevate; exalt

demolish

v. to tear down; to destroy 拆除;破坏

The old run-down pier at the downtown waterfront will be demolished to make way for a waterside park.

位于市区江边那个老旧荒废的码头,即将拆除改建成河滨公园。

* run-down

荒废的

* pier

码头

Synonym

同义词:ruin; raze

Antonym

反义词: construct; rebuild;restore

deviate

v。 to turn away; to stray 偏离;违背

 

n. deviation

Be careful not to deviate too far from the marked hiking trails or you may get lost。

小心不要离有记号的徒步路径太远,否则你可能会迷路。

* trail

小径

diameter

n. line across the center of a circle 直径

The little girl fell into a mining shaft with a diameter of only two feet.

那个小女孩掉进一个直径只有二尺宽的矿井。

* shaft

矿井;通风管道

diaphanous

adj. that can be seen through 透明的

The topmost layer of the skirt was made of a diaphanous layer of chiffon.

这件裙子的最外层是一层薄纱。

* chiffon

薄纱

Synonym

同义词:sheer; transparent

Antonym

反义词:opaque

disconsolate

adj. sad; that cannot be consoled 哀伤的

The three young children were disconsolate upon hearing of the death of their mother.

这三个小孩听到母亲去世的消息,非常哀伤。

Synonym

同义词:inconsolable; grief-stricken

Antonym

反义词:cheerful

dispersion

n. strewing apart in different directions 分散;散布

The explosion led to the dispersion of a poisonous chemical into the atmosphere.

爆炸导致一种有毒的化学物质散布到大气中。

Synonym

同义词:scattering; spreading

Antonym

反义词:assemblage

diverge

v. to turn or branch away from 分歧

 

adj. divergent

Although we are in agreement on the earliest beginnings of human life, our theories diverge after that。

虽然在人类生命最初的起源方面,我们意见一致,但之后的阶段,我们的理论便岀现分歧。

Synonym

同义词:divide; disagree

Antonym

反义词:converge; conform

eulogy

n. high praise 颂扬

 

v. eulogize

Gloria asked a close friend of the family to come to the funeral to give a eulogy。

葛罗莉亚要求一位家族好友来参加葬礼,致颂扬辞。

Synonym

同义词:encomium; glorification

Antonym

反义词:vilification; slander

euphemism

n. substitution of pleasant way of saying something blunt or unpleasant 委婉的说法

Ann used euphemisms to explain that Harry's parents had died and that he had gone insane.

安用很委婉的方式说明哈利的父母已去世,而他因而发疯。

* insane

疯狂的

euphonious

adj. pleasant in sound 悦耳的

As we passed by the concert hall, we could hear euphonious melodies coming from within.

当我们经过音乐厅时,可以听到从里面传出来悦耳的旋律。

Synonym

同义词:melodious; dulcet; tuneful

Antonym

反义词:grating; harsh

exasperate

v。 to make ill feeling; to irritate 激怒

Craig exasperated us all by constantly asking us if we had remembered to bring the tickets with us。

克雷格不断询问我们有没有带票,把我们所有人都激怒了。

Synonym

同义词:infuriate; enrage; provoke

Antonym

反义词:appease; mollify

exhume

v。 to take out from the earth 掘出

 

n. exhumation

The court allowed the research team to exhume the body of the man to do an autopsy to find the true cause of death。

法院允许调査小组把那个人的尸体挖出来,进行验尸工作,以找出真正的死因。

* autopsy

验尸

Synonym

同义词:unearth; dig up

Antonym

反义词:bury; inter; inhume

explicit

adj. clearly and fully expressed 明确的

Martin left his roommates explicit instructions about giving his six dogs their meals while he was gone.

马丁离开时,留给他室友明确的指示,告诉他如何为他的六条狗准备食物。

Synonym

同义词:definite; clear-cut; precise

Antonym

反义词:ambiguous; implicit; obscure; vague

extraterritorial

adj. beyond the territory of a nation 治外法权的

Because the crime was extraterritorial, the police had no power to arrest the criminals。

由于这件案子属于治外法权的范围,所以警方无权逮捕犯人。

extravagant

adj. going beyond what is reasonable, usual or conventional 1. 过度的 2. 浪费的

The Johnsons held an extravagant affair to celebrate the announcement of their daughter's engagement。

强森家宣布女儿订婚了,他们举办非常铺张的活动来庆祝。

* affair

活动;庆祝

Synonym

同义词:1. excessive 2. prodigal; lavish

Antonym

反义词:1。 restrained 2。 frugal; economical

hyperbole

n. exaggerated statements made for effect 夸张法

Flora used hyperboles to impress the importance of what she was saying on the children.

芙洛拉用夸张的方法,让孩子们明白她说的话的重要性。

Synonym

同义词:overstatement

Antonym

反义词:understatement; litotes

hyperborean

adj. situated in the extreme north ; very cold 极北的;酷寒的

Very few of the Taiwanese exchange students could acclimate themselves to the hyperborean winters in Wisconsin.

台湾来的交换留学生中,很少人能适应威斯康辛州酷寒的冬天。

* acclimate

适应新环境

hypercritical

adj. too critical 苛求的

Constance's hypercritical remarks wounded James' pride and left him disheartened.

康史坦丝吹毛求疵的评论伤了詹姆斯的自尊,使他很沮丧。

* disheartened

沮丧的;气馁的

Synonym

同义词:captious; carping

ignominious

adj. bringing shame; dishonorable 不名誉的

The company president's ignominious arrest and conviction forced the company into bankruptcy.

这家公司的总裁遭受不名誉的逮捕及判罪,迫使该公司宣告破产。

* conviction

判罪;定罪

Synonym

同义词:disreputable; discreditable; disgraceful

Antonym

反义词:honorable

immure

v。 to imprison; to shut a person up 囚禁;监禁

 

n. immurement

Immured in the castle dungeon for years, the peasant was unable to take the mental strain and finally went mad.

被囚禁盘城堡地牢多年,农夫无法承受心理的负担,终于发疯了。

* dungeon

地牢

* strain

负担

impecunious

adj. having little or no money 贫穷的

His family being impecunious, young Frederick was forced to take two jobs to help feed his family.

因为家境贫困,年轻的弗雷德瑞克被迫做两份工作,来帮忙养家。

Synonym

同义词:destitute; indigent

Antonym

反义词:affluent; prosperous

insomnia

n。 inability to sleep 失眠

Greg's stress over his work was causing insomnia which was making him susceptible to getting sick.

葛瑞格的工作压力太大,导致他失眠,而使他很容易生病。

* susceptible

易受感染的

Synonym

同义词:sleeplessness

intricate

adj. complicated; difficult to understand 复杂的

Gertrude admired the hard work it required to make lace with such intricate patterns.

葛楚非常佩服要做出花样如此复杂的花边,所必须下的功夫。

Synonym

同义词:complex; elaborate

invulnerable

adj。 not able to be hurt 不会受伤害的

The country's possession of nuclear weapons convinced them they were invulnerable to any attack.

该国拥有核武器使他们相信,他们能抵当任何攻击而不受伤害。

Synonym

同义词:invincible

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